所属 埼玉医科大学 医学部 総合医療センター 麻酔科（麻酔科、産科麻酔科） 職種 教授
|Spinal glial activation contributes to postoperative mechanical hypersensitivity in the rat
|正式名：JOURNAL OF PAIN
|Hideaki Obata,James C. Eisenach,Hesham Hussain,Tanishua Bynum,Michelle Vincler
|The activation of spinal cord microglia and astrocytes after peripheral nerve injury or inflammation contributes to behavioral hypersensitivity. The contribution of spinal cord glia to mechanical hypersensitivity after hind paw incision has not been investigated previously. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent a unilateral plantar hind paw incision, and the development of mechanical hypersensitivity was assessed by using von Frey filaments. The activation of spinal cord microglia and astrocytes was measured 1, 2, 3, and 5 days after hind paw incision by using immunohistochemistry. The glial activation inhibitor, fluorocitrate, was administered intrathecally 24 hours after hind paw incision to determine glial involvement in mechanical hypersensitivity. Hind paw incision induced an activation of spinal astrocytes ipsilateral to incision within 24 hours. Both microglia and astrocytes reached a maximum activation 3 days after hind paw incision. Fluorocitrate produced a dose-dependent reduction in mechanical hypersensitivity when administered 24 hours after hind paw incision. Spinal cord glial activation contributes to the mechanical hypersensitivity that develops after hind paw incision.