所属 埼玉医科大学 医学部 国際医療センター 皮膚科（皮膚腫瘍科） 職種 助教
|m-Calpain Induction in Vascular Endothelial Cells on Human and Mouse Atheromas and Its Roles in VE-Cadherin Disorganization and Atherosclerosis
|LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
|Takuro Miyazaki,Yoshitaka Taketomi,Masafumi Takimoto,Xiao-Feng Lei,Shigeko Arita,Joo-ri Kim-Kaneyama,Satoru Arata,Hisayuki Ohata,Hidekazu Ota,Makoto Murakami,Akira Miyazaki
|Background-Although dysfunction of VE-cadherin-mediated adherence junctions in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) is thought to be one of the initial steps of atherosclerosis, little is known regarding how VE-cadherin is disrupted during atherogenic development. This study focused on the role of calpain, an intracellular cysteine protease, in the proteolytic disorganization of VE-cadherin and subsequent progression of atherosclerosis.
Methods and Results-Increased expression of m-calpain was observed in aortic ECs in atherosclerotic lesions in humans and low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient (ldlr(-/-)) mice. Furthermore, proteolytic disorganization of VE-cadherin was shown in aortic ECs in ldlr(-/-) and apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice. Long-term administration of calpain inhibitors into these mice attenuated atherosclerotic lesion development and proinflammatory responses, as well as VE-cadherin disorganization, without normalization of plasma lipid profiles. Furthermore, in vivo transfection of m-calpain siRNA to ldlr(-/-) mice prevented disorganization of VE-cadherin and proatherogenic hyperpermeability in aortic ECs. Treatment of cultured ECs with oxidized LDL, lysophosphatidylcholine, or LDL pretreated with secreted phospholipase A(2) led to the induction of m-calpain but not of mu-calpain, thereby eliciting selective m-calpain overactivation. These data suggest that lysophosphatidylcholine-induced m-calpain directly cleaves a juxtamembrane region of VE-cadherin, resulting in dissociation of beta-catenin from the VE-cadherin complex, disorganization of adherence junctions, and hyperpermeability in ECs.
Conclusions-Subtype-selective induction of m-calpain in aortic ECs during atherosclerotic progression is associated with proteolytic disorganization of VE-cadherin and proatherogenic hyperpermeability in cells. Thus, a strategy to selectively inhibit m-calpain may be useful for the therapeutic treatment of patients with atherosclerosis. (Circulation. 2011; 124: 2522-2532.)